Certain principles are always constant to achieve a realistic effect. These are:
- Values: without this realism will fail
- Abstraction: we don't see everything at the same time. We focus on one object and others become hazy slightly. So I don't emphasize unimportant things in a painting.
- Edges: Related to Values. But hard edges and soft edges define volume. Without this volume cannot be shown. Objects that obstruct the light will have an extremely bright edge. Objects upon which the light falls will have a paler outline. Some will fade into the background.
- Shape: As important as values, a mistake and the expression is lost.
- Feeling and intention: driving force, muse, motive behind the construction of a vision. Never lose sight of this.
- Planning: Do proper planning before painting. Don't just start with painting. Observe the source for a few days.